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Bakhchysarai

Bakhchysarai 

(Ukrainian: ????????á?; Crimean Tatar: Ba?çasaray; Russian: ????????á?; Turkish: Bahçesaray) is a city in central Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and incorporated by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. It is the administrative center of the Bakhchysarai Raion (district), as well as the former capital of the Crimean Khanate. Its main landmark is Hansaray, the only extant palace of the Crimean Khans, currently opened to tourists as a museum. Population: 26,482 (2013 population estimate).

 

History

Located in a narrow valley of the Çürük Suv river which is known as an old local center of civilization (the first artifacts of human presence in the valley date up to the Mesolithic). The settlements which existed in the valley before Bakhchisaray was founded — Q?rq Yer fortress (modern Çufut Qale), Salaç?q, and Eski Yurt — are nowadays incorporated into the urban area of the modern Bakhchisaray.

Bakhchysarai, first mentioned 1502, was established as the new khan's residence by the Crimean KhanSahib I Giray in 1532. Since then, it was the capital of the Crimean Khanate and the center of political and cultural life of the Crimean Tatar people. After several wars with Russia from 1737 when Burkhard Christoph von Münnich burnt down the capital of Khanate and occupation of the Crimean Khanate by the Russian Empire in 1783, it was turned into an ordinary town, having lost administrative significance. However, it remained the cultural center of the Crimean Tatars until the Sürgün (deportation on 18 May 1944).

 

Name and associations

Spellings of the town's name in different languages include: original Crimean Tatar: Ba?çasaray, Turkish: Bahçesaray, Russian: ?????????? - Bakhchisaray, and Ukrainian: ?????????? - Bakhchysaray. The name comes from Persian ????? ???? b?ghche-sar?y which means the Garden Palace. In Crimean Tatar, ba?ça means "garden" and saray means "palace".

Russian speakers associate the town with the Romantic connotations of Alexander Pushkin's poem The Fountain of Bakhchisaray (1822).Adam Mickiewicz dedicated some of the finest poems in his Crimean Sonnets (1825) to the landmarks of Bakhchisaray.

An asteroid3242 Bakhchisaraj, discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1979, takes its name after the town.

Attractions

Famous attractions within or near Bakhchysarai are:

There is a network of well marked hiking trails around the town. All the main attractions are connected with red-marked trail.

Since 2011 thanks to the support of the Czech Government and USAID the Tourist information centre has been working.

 

Demographics

In 1930 the population of the city was 10,450. The ethnic groups represented were 7,420 Crimean Tatars, 1,850 Russians, 315 Jews, 205 Greeks, 185Ukrainians, 50 Germans, 30 Armenians, 30 Bulgarians, and 365 others.